Italic Calligraphy for Beginners

Even though italic calligraphy doesn't seem as popular as brush lettering and modern calligraphy these days, the italic hand is fun and beautiful, easy to read, and has an old world feel. (Just search #italic or #italiccalligraphy on Instagram, and you'll  see what I mean!)

So, as you read on, know that this is not a post about the modern pointed pen script calligraphy and brush lettering that is very popular right now. (Although I love those, too!)

Italic actually refers to a family of styles, so it can take different forms. This post speaks to the more bold, old-school broad edge italic calligraphy and will give you some tips if you would like to achieve this classic style.

Knowing the differences in the styles will help you choose the right tools for your projects. For instance, if you try to do modern, script calligraphy with the tools below, you will be disappointed!






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What is Italic Calligraphy and How Does it Differ from Modern Calligraphy?


The italic calligraphy hand uses a broad edge nib, as opposed to the pointed brush tip used for brush lettering or the pointed nib for modern script lettering and pointed pen calligraphy

In italic calligraphy, the thick/thin variation in the letters comes from the angle of the pen, not from pressure.  This differs from pointed pen calligraphy and brush lettering which both rely on pressure to get the thick/thin line variation in the letters. Although angle of the pen is important in all of these styles for various reasons, the italic hand achieves line variation only from the angle of the pen.



How I've Used Italic Calligraphy


I've used italic calligraphy for embellishing greeting cards, for titles and headers on journals and scrapbook pages, for making gift embellishments,  and I've earned a few dollars lettering some wedding vows, wedding books, and addressing invitations for a few weddings.

The classic, old world feel of italic calligraphy can be applied to so many different types of applications - for both formal events and craft projects alike.


I wrote this verse years ago, with a fountain pen that had a broad edge nib.  This is some very basic italic that I've used for addressing wedding invitations, quotes, etc.  A dip pen or the Pilot Parallel pen would have given more thick/thin line variation. 




Christmas gift tags and little book covers are fun to personalize with casual italic lettering.  Italic is also very readable for journals, planners, and scrapbook headers and titles.




Pens and Markers for Italic Calligraphy


NOTE:  All of the pens, below, are for broad nib calligraphy, NOT brush calligraphy or pointed pen calligraphy.  All of these will work well for italic calligraphy.


Dip pens are wonderful, but I was intimidated by them at first!

Before you delve into dip pens, you might want to try some of the pens, below. All of these are easier than dip pens, for beginners.


The Pilot Parallel Calligraphy Pen  has become a favorite.  It uses cartridges and is very fun to use.







This set of Pilot Parallels, below, has 4 different pens, with 4 different sizes of nibs.






For ease, calligraphy markers are also great for learning and practicing. I taught italic calligraphy classes at a local craft store several years ago. In my classes, I used these Zig Calligraphy Markers.  The large, 5mm end was a good size to learn with, because the strokes are easy to see with this large size. They are my favorite italic felt tip pens, and I use them a lot for crafts.

(These are NOT brush markers but are markers with a broad edge nib.)

They're lightfast, acid free, and photo-safe too. And, I've found them perfect for journal headers and scrapbook headers.


italic felt tip pens





Calligraphy fountain pens are convenient and fun to use. Like the Pilot Parallel Pens, above, the ones here use ink cartridges.  I have several old Sheaffer pens with different sizes of nibs, and I've used them a lot.  These are the newer generation of Sheaffer calligraphy pens, so I've haven't used these particular pens. But, they are inexpensive and easy to use. (Be sure to wash the nibs with Dawn dish washing liquid (or something similar)  before using. That helps remove the film from the nibs to ensure smooth writing.)

The Sheaffer ink cartridges are easy to find in stores and online.



Starting Out


When you use a pen or marker with a  broad nib, you will get nice thick and thin line variations by simply holding the nib to the paper at a 45 degree angle.

Below is my very basic lettering chart, for the chancery italic hand, that I created years ago, when I taught classes.  There are different styles of italic calligraphy. Chancery italic has a very old world feel.

See the 2 little towers of squares on the sheet below?  That little vertical line of squares is called a "nib ladder." The lower case letters of italic calligraphy are 5 nib widths high, and the upper case letters are about 7 nib widths high. So those little nib ladders give you some frame of reference for the size of your letters.  You make the nib ladder by holding the pen horizontally and making short strokes.

  My italic has improved a lot since I made this, but this chart gives you the directions of the strokes! 
chancery italic hand
This was the first instructional sheet I created for my chancery italic calligraphy classes, back in the day. I have improved since then! (Practice is the key to improving calligraphy. Many people give up too fast.) While my calligraphy has improved since I made this chart, the stroke arrows are still accurate.)


To make guidelines to keep your letter size consistent, all you need to do is start with your nib ladder, as in the chart above. For the lower case letters, make your nib ladder 5 nib widths high. Then use a ruler to draw lines across the page, creating lines that are spaced 5 nib widths apart.  I use a t-square ruler. It makes the process much easier.

You don't always have to make your own guidelines, though. It's not hard to find pre-made guidelines online these days.  Also, The First Steps Calligrahy book , shown below, has several pages of guidelines included in the book, for different size pens. All you have to do is copy them. I use my guidelines with a light pad (lightbox), so that I can keep my originals unmarked.


In the video below, the calligrapher is demonstrating the basic forms of the italic lower case (miniscules), with a dip pen. Notice how slowly he writes. Calligraphy is all about slow, deliberate strokes.





I have several books that have helped me with italic calligraphy.


One of the easiest books to learn this style of calligraphy is  First Steps Calligraphy by Don Marsh.  It's a great introduction to basic italic calligraphy, and it also includes projects and guidelines. It's one of the simplest to follow books for beginners.






Calligraphy School is an excellent book for those who are serious about learning broad nib calligraphy.  The instruction and projects are very high quality.





Enjoy, and if you do give italic calligraphy a try, please let me know how it's going.

Linking to:

Create, Bake, Grow, and Gather at Shabby Art Boutique
Wow Me Wednesday at Gingersnap Crafts
Thursday Favorite Things
Wonderful Wednesday at OMHG
Friendship Friday at Create with Joy
Artsy Fartsy Mama
Inspire Me Monday at Create with Joy
Snickerdoodles at Eye Love Knots
Handmade Mondays at Sum of Their Stories
The Really Crafty Link Party at Keeping it Real
Little Cottage Link Party at Love My Little Cottage
Over the Moon at Marilyn's Treats
Good Random Fun
Saturday Sparks at Pieced Pastimes
Creatively Crafty at Try It Like It

10 comments

  1. I have several of these style but markers that I picked up years ago. I practiced for about a solid two minutes, and haven't looked back since. I will check out this book though, and love the letter chart!

    Alexandra
    EyeLoveKnots.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Give it another go, Alexandra. I remember when I was first trying it, years ago, and I kept reading that I needed to put the pen to paper at "a 45 degree angle." Which is true, but it confused me to death! haha When I finally saw someone actually do it, it suddenly clicked!

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  2. I wish I could do this. My hands shake so much from my tremors that my handwriting looks like it was written while floating on a boat, LOL xo

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Aw, I think your handwriting looks just fine! xo

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  3. I have always loved Caligraphy. One of my sister's did it before she passed away. I use to have her do it for me every now and then. My oldest daughter really likes it and after reading this post, I think that I need to encourage her to put some effort into learning it. I am pretty sure that she would enjoy it (and I could have her do some for me when I want some). Thank you for sharing.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I hope your daughter does give it a try! It's really fun, and has so many uses. The key is not to give up at first. Getting started is a little slow, but with practice, improvement will happen!

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  4. You've inspired me to take up calligraphy. This is one of my features on the Little Cottage Link Party tomorrow. I hope you can drop by.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I'm so happy you're going to try it, Kristie! Thank you so much for the feature!!

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  5. Hi Pam, I haven't done any calligraphy in many years. Thanks for sharing about it as you have inspired me to try it again.
    Thanks for the visit to my Friday Favorites blog post. I hope you have a nice day and enjoy the week.
    Julie xo

    ReplyDelete
  6. ********************************************************
    Thank you for sharing at #OverTheMoon. Pinned and shared. Have a lovely week. I hope to see you at next week’s party too! Please stay safe and healthy. Come party with us at Over The Moon! Catapult your content Over The Moon! @marilyn_lesniak @EclecticRedBarn
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